It is part of the work Presence of Don Fernando Ortiz in the Psychiatry Cuban Transcultural

Let us continue referring to the contribution of the term Transculturación of the Dr. Ortiz, because the word that was used in these studies was Acculturation (" Acculturation "), used by Powell from 1889.

Professor José A. Bustamante, the most outstanding in these studies in Cuba, in their report presented to the III Session Plenary Psiquiatría Transcultural of the IV World Congress of Psychiatry clarifies us the process for which was accepted the term transculturación worldwide instead of the term exposed sajón. In this work he/she clears up that expressed by Don Fernando Ortiz in 1940: "We understand that the word expressed transculturación better the different phases of the transitive process of a culture to other, because this doesn't only consist on acquiring a different culture that is in rigor what indicates the voice anglo-American " acculturation ", but rather the process also implies necessarily the loss or eradicate of a precedent culture, what a partial desculturación could be said and also, it means the rising creation of more cultural phenomenons that could be denominated of " neoculturación " and adds that the great teacher of Ethnography, Bronislaw Malinovski, must approve his argument. He/she adds Bustamante that M. Herkovits (1951) in their book The man and their works: The Science of the Cultural Anthropology", it supports the term; Estudios Transculturales's Latin American Group is believed (GLADET), the magazine Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review and News letter of the Mac Gill University is published and he/she took place in 1965 a symposium of the CIBA Foundation with Transcultural Psychiatry name.

Those that work with Bustamante, already guide our activity to the study of the modalities that believes in our means the influence sincrética of European and African cultures inside the wide object of study of the in the squares nosológicos defined Psiquiatría Transcultural, as well as it was already defined the contribution of the word for our Don Fernando Ortiz.

When a professional interested in the Psiquiatría Transcultural goes into in the study of the work of Ortiz she doesn't stop to feel impressed, not only for the learned of the same one and the cultural knowledge, religious, danzarios, etnográficos that contributes him, but for the incursions that the Cuban sage made on hypothetical action mechanisms (patogénicos) in dysfunctions mental so studied today as those that accompany to the suicide, the dissociation of the conscience and the soothing handling of the anxiety through the magic thought.

In our country the rate of suicides is so high that it is among one of the first causes of death, what has determined that the Ministry of Public Health has elaborated and position in march a wide Program of Prevention of the Suicide that includes primary, secondary preventive actions of health and third that imply from the Doctor of the Family, the doctors of Sectors and the teams of Mental Health to all the levels.

The presence of high cases of suicide inside the slaves got Don Fernando's attention and in its book The Black Sorcerers detail it, it is plentiful in the form that you/they generally used hanging, in other, poisoning for caramagüey or for the guao. It points out that the suicide ended up having epidemic character and not only insisted in the mechanism aggressive car of who used it but also as aggressiveness toward other people and in particular toward the master, sustrayéndose of its property , it was said by Ortiz in 1906 when these studies were incipient for the Psychiatry of the time!

Also awake interest knowing if the suicidal tendencies of the black one in that then marked our culture and it influences in our current rates, hypothesis that could be object some day of investigation transcultural in Cuba.

Ortiz refers in two of its works to the mechanism of desestructuración of the field of the conscience, or narrowing that like we will see later on it was source of works in the field of the Psiquiatría Transcultural, expressing the mechanism clearly managed today of being centered the magic thought in the conscience product of that narrowing, displacing to the logical thought, producing a confusion between the magic thing and the real thing.

In their work The Black Sorcerers", when referring to the jargons of the sorcerers, he says: : "Another reason of sacred jargon seems at first sight to be discovered in a hysterical phenomenon (...); it is not strange in the hysteria and it is not but the step of some impressions from the unconsciousness to the sphere of the conscience." It is surprising that this was said in 1906.

In their work The dances and the Theater of the black ones in the Folklore of Cuba describe the dancer's mechanism disociativo in a Ilú Batá to the montársele the saint, describing him as intoxication, coinciding with another author, in the emotional, sensorial exaltation and disintegration of the personality that takes place for: the monotony of the touches and songs, the noise of the steps, the knocking of the hands, the sound of the maracas, the labyrinthine stunned state for the turns, the sensations cinestésicas engendered by the incessant repetition, meeting what makes sleepy the attention and the conscience little by little and all that exalts the subconciencia and the automatism.

Following page